Cameron County Profile

Compiled by
The County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties

The information contained in this report was obtained from The County Information Program's on-line database. The data contained in the database are obtained from official sources and are not the product of the CIP. The CIP, therefore, does not expressly or impliedly warrant the accuracy of the data. Questions regarding the accuracy, methodology, etc. should be directed to the original source of the information. The sources may be obtained from the CIP by contacting the County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties at (512) 478-8753.

Click the More data link to open a table showing the data item for that row for all 254 Texas counties.

Map of County

POPULATION (Census Bureau)
County Population     «History Chart»   «Population Projection Chart»   «Group Quarters»   «Census 2020 Redistricting Data (county level only)»
Estimate 2023:426,710More data
Estimate 2022:424,911 
Estimate 2021:422,636 
Census 2020: See note at the bottom of the page.421,017More data
Census 2010:406,220More data
Census 2000:335,227More data
Population of the County Seat (Brownsville)
Census 2020:186,738 
Census 2010:175,023 
Census 2000:139,722 
Note: City and town populations include only those parts of each place found within this county. Use our «Town & City Search» to find the total population of each place.
Bayview town:538More data
Brownsville city:190,158More data
Combes town:3,171More data
Harlingen city:71,510More data
Indian Lake town:868More data
La Feria city:6,758More data
Laguna Vista town:3,736More data
Los Fresnos city:8,362More data
Los Indios town:1,009More data
Palm Valley city:1,358More data
Port Isabel city:5,118More data
Primera town:5,371More data
Rancho Viejo town:2,848More data
Rio Hondo city:2,295More data
San Benito city:24,493More data
Santa Rosa town:2,372More data
South Padre Island town:2,041More data
County Size in Square Miles (Census Bureau)
Land Area:891.7More data
Water Area:384.7More data
Total Area:1,276.4More data
Population Density Per Square Mile
2020:472.15More data
Urban and Rural Population of the County, 2020 (Census Bureau)
Percent Urban:82.42More data
Percent Rural:17.58More data
Ethnicity - 2023 (Census Bureau)     «Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin»
Percent Hispanic:89.8%More data
Race - 2023 (Census Bureau)
Percent White Alone:96.8%More data
Percent African American Alone:1.0%More data
Percent American Indian and Alaska Native Alone:0.7%More data
Percent Asian Alone:0.9%More data
Percent Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone:0.1%More data
Percent Multi-Racial:0.6%More data
Race and Ethnicity - 2023 (Census Bureau)
Percent Not Hispanic White Alone:8.5%More data
Percent Not Hispanic African American Alone:0.5%More data
Age - 2022 (Census Bureau Estimates)     «Age Groups Chart»
17 and Under:28.6%More data
65 and Older:14.1%More data
85 and Older:1.7%More data
Median Age:32.5More data
Per Capita Income - 2022 (BEA):     «Per Capita Income History Chart»$37,325More data
Total Personal Income - 2022 (BEA):$15,870,893,000More data
Median Household Income - 2022 (Census Bureau):     «Median Household Income History Chart»$49,583More data
Poverty - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Poverty Chart»
Percent of Population in Poverty:22.6%More data
Percent of Population under 18 in Poverty:30.1%More data
Educational Attainment (Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate)     «ACS 5-Year Estimates, S1501, Educational Attainment (open in new window)»
Percent high school graduate and higher, Age 25 and over:70.9% 
Percent bachelor's degree or higher, Age 25 and over:19.5% 
Pay (BLS)     «Pay History Chart»
Average Annual Pay - 2023:$42,441More data
Average Annual Pay - 2022:$41,312 
Average Annual Pay - 2021:$39,198 
Average Annual Pay - 2020:$36,665 
Average Annual Pay - 2019:$34,689 
Annual Unemployment Rate, Not Adjusted (Texas Workforce Commission)     «Unemployment History Chart»
Unemployment Rate - 2023:5.4More data
Unemployment Rate - 2022:5.7 
Unemployment Rate - 2021:8.0 
Unemployment Rate - 2020:10.1 
Unemployment Rate - 2019:5.5 
COUNTY FINANCES (Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts)
Property Taxes - 2022
Total County Tax Rate:     «Detailed Tax Rates»   «Tax Rate History with Chart»$0.436893More data
Total Market Value:     «Values and Levies»   «Levy History with Chart»$26,884,337,623More data
Total Appraised Value Available for County Taxation:$23,657,167,856More data
Total Actual Levy:$103,356,510More data
For property tax information about a specific property, contact the Appraisal District.
Sales Tax Allocation History
CY 2023:N/AMore data
CY 2022:N/A 
CY 2021:N/A 
CY 2020:N/A 
CY 2019:N/A 
Centerline Miles - 2022
IH Highways:52.086More data
US Highways:26.493More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:137.710More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:333.475More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:13.933More data
Frontage Roads:105.014More data
On-System Subtotal:668.711More data
City Streets:1,226.560More data
Certified County Roads:724.981More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:1.700More data
Federal Roads:16.168More data
Off-System Subtotal:1,969.409More data
Center Line Miles: County Total:2,638.120More data
Lane Miles - 2022
IH Highways:275.612More data
US Highways:65.008More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:523.657More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:789.184More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:40.466More data
Frontage Roads:245.780More data
On-System Subtotal:1,939.707More data
City Streets:2,510.973More data
Certified County Roads:1,451.394More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:6.800More data
Federal Roads:32.336More data
Off-System Subtotal:4,001.503More data
County Total:5,941.210More data
Miles Travelled on County Roads     «Mileage History with Chart»
County Business Patterns (Census Bureau):     «CBP 2022»
Gross Domestic Product (BEA):     «GDP 2022»
County Agricultural Profile (USDA):     «Census of Agriculture 2017»     «2017 County Profile»
State & County QuickFacts (Census Bureau):     «Cameron County QuickFacts»
State & County Narrative Profiles (Census Bureau):     «Narrative Profiles»
County History (Handbook of Texas Online):     «Cameron County History»
Texas Almanac (Texas State Historical Association):     «Cameron County»

Special Districts in Cameron County.
School Districts in Cameron County.
History of City Tax Rates in Cameron County.

Airports in Cameron County.
Hospitals in Cameron County.
Prisons in Cameron County.