Jefferson County Profile

Compiled by
The County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties

The information contained in this report was obtained from The County Information Program's on-line database. The data contained in the database are obtained from official sources and are not the product of the CIP. The CIP, therefore, does not expressly or impliedly warrant the accuracy of the data. Questions regarding the accuracy, methodology, etc. should be directed to the original source of the information. The sources may be obtained from the CIP by contacting the County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties at (512) 478-8753.

Click the More data link to open a table showing the data item for that row for all 254 Texas counties.

Map of County

POPULATION (Census Bureau)
County Population     «History Chart»   «Population Projection Chart»   «Group Quarters»   «Census 2020 Redistricting Data (county level only)»
Estimate 2023:251,496More data
Estimate 2022:251,601 
Estimate 2021:253,727 
Census 2020: See note at the bottom of the page.256,526More data
Census 2010:252,273More data
Census 2000:252,051More data
Population of the County Seat (Beaumont)
Census 2020:115,282 
Census 2010:118,296 
Census 2000:113,866 
Note: City and town populations include only those parts of each place found within this county. Use our «Town & City Search» to find the total population of each place.
Beaumont city:112,193More data
Bevil Oaks city:1,041More data
China city:1,282More data
Groves city:16,764More data
Nederland city:18,118More data
Nome city:464More data
Port Arthur city (pt.):55,464More data
Port Neches city:13,591More data
Taylor Landing city:282More data
County Size in Square Miles (Census Bureau)
Land Area:876.8More data
Water Area:235.9More data
Total Area:1,112.7More data
Population Density Per Square Mile
2020:292.58More data
Urban and Rural Population of the County, 2020 (Census Bureau)
Percent Urban:90.15More data
Percent Rural:9.85More data
Ethnicity - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin»
Percent Hispanic:23.7%More data
Race - 2022 (Census Bureau)
Percent White Alone:58.4%More data
Percent African American Alone:34.5%More data
Percent American Indian and Alaska Native Alone:1.1%More data
Percent Asian Alone:4.1%More data
Percent Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone:0.1%More data
Percent Multi-Racial:1.8%More data
Race and Ethnicity - 2022 (Census Bureau)
Percent Not Hispanic White Alone:37.4%More data
Percent Not Hispanic African American Alone:33.3%More data
Age - 2022 (Census Bureau Estimates)     «Age Groups Chart»
17 and Under:24.4%More data
65 and Older:15.6%More data
85 and Older:1.8%More data
Median Age:37.0More data
Per Capita Income - 2022 (BEA):     «Per Capita Income History Chart»$48,131More data
Total Personal Income - 2022 (BEA):$12,072,705,000More data
Median Household Income - 2022 (Census Bureau):     «Median Household Income History Chart»$55,065More data
Poverty - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Poverty Chart»
Percent of Population in Poverty:18.8%More data
Percent of Population under 18 in Poverty:24.0%More data
Educational Attainment (Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate)     «ACS 5-Year Estimates, S1501, Educational Attainment»
Percent high school graduate and higher, Age 25 and over:84.8% 
Percent bachelor's degree or higher, Age 25 and over:19.9% 
Pay (BLS)     «Pay History Chart»
Average Annual Pay - 2022:$63,895More data
Average Annual Pay - 2021:$59,703 
Average Annual Pay - 2020:$58,904 
Average Annual Pay - 2019:$58,104 
Average Annual Pay - 2018:$57,522 
Annual Unemployment Rate, Not Adjusted (Texas Workforce Commission)     «Unemployment History Chart»
Unemployment Rate - 2023:6.3More data
Unemployment Rate - 2022:6.3 
Unemployment Rate - 2021:9.8 
Unemployment Rate - 2020:12.0 
Unemployment Rate - 2019:5.9 
COUNTY FINANCES (Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts)
Property Taxes - 2022
Total County Tax Rate:     «Detailed Tax Rates»   «Tax Rate History with Chart»$0.363184More data
Total Market Value:     «Values and Levies»   «Levy History with Chart»$36,982,325,157More data
Total Appraised Value Available for County Taxation:$28,683,061,268More data
Total Actual Levy:$104,172,289More data
For property tax information about a specific property, contact the Appraisal District.
Sales Tax Allocation History     «Sales Tax History Chart»
CY 2023:$38,477,273More data
CY 2022:$37,414,532 
CY 2021:$33,017,885 
CY 2020:$33,971,936 
CY 2019:$32,688,903 
Centerline Miles - 2022
IH Highways:24.352More data
US Highways:43.578More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:142.791More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:66.522More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:0.280More data
Frontage Roads:87.190More data
On-System Subtotal:364.713More data
City Streets:1,280.214More data
Certified County Roads:367.366More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:2.625More data
Off-System Subtotal:1,650.205More data
Center Line Miles: County Total:2,014.918More data
Lane Miles - 2022
IH Highways:108.933More data
US Highways:181.652More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:476.128More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:177.358More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:0.560More data
Frontage Roads:175.161More data
On-System Subtotal:1,119.792More data
City Streets:2,724.411More data
Certified County Roads:737.962More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:5.250More data
Off-System Subtotal:3,467.623More data
County Total:4,587.415More data
Miles Travelled on County Roads     «Mileage History with Chart»
County Business Patterns (Census Bureau):     «CBP 2021»
Gross Domestic Product (BEA):     «GDP 2022»
County Agricultural Profile (USDA):     «Census of Agriculture 2017»     «2017 County Profile»
State & County QuickFacts (Census Bureau):     «Jefferson County QuickFacts»
State & County Narrative Profiles (Census Bureau):     «Narrative Profiles»
County History (Handbook of Texas Online):     «Jefferson County History»
Texas Almanac (Texas State Historical Association):     «Jefferson County»

Special Districts in Jefferson County.
School Districts in Jefferson County.
History of City Tax Rates in Jefferson County.

Airports in Jefferson County.
Hospitals in Jefferson County.
Prisons in Jefferson County.

On Feb. 28, 2024, the U.S. Census Bureau released the final, full set of errata tables for the 2020 Census Count Question Resolution (CQR) program. The CQR gave tribal, state and local governments the opportunity to ask the Census Bureau to review their boundaries or housing counts to identify errors that may have occurred while processing their 2020 Census counts. Upon review, the agency made changes to the total populations of three counties: Martin (from 5,237 to 5,247); Midland (from 169,983 to 169,974); and Reeves (from 14,748 to 14,747). As stated in the Federal Register/Vol. 86, No. 207/Friday, October 29, 2021 (Introduction): No new census information products will be created by the 2020 Census CQR and no revisions will be made to 2020 Census information products, such as the apportionment counts delivered to the President for apportionment or the 2020 Census Public Law 94-171 Redistricting Data Files and Geographic Products. The 2020 Census counts shown above in the table are the original counts from the 2020 Census Public Law 94-171 Redistricting Data Files and do not reflect the changes made due to the CQR program.