Polk County Profile

Compiled by
The County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties

The information contained in this report was obtained from The County Information Program's on-line database. The data contained in the database are obtained from official sources and are not the product of the CIP. The CIP, therefore, does not expressly or impliedly warrant the accuracy of the data. Questions regarding the accuracy, methodology, etc. should be directed to the original source of the information. The sources may be obtained from the CIP by contacting the County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties at (512) 478-8753.

Click the More data link to open a table showing the data item for that row for all 254 Texas counties.

Map of County

POPULATION (Census Bureau)
County Population     «History Chart»   «Population Projection Chart»   «Group Quarters»   «Census 2020 Redistricting Data (county level only)»
Estimate 2023:54,186More data
Estimate 2022:53,256 
Estimate 2021:51,877 
Census 2020: See note at the bottom of the page.50,123More data
Census 2010:45,413More data
Census 2000:41,133More data
Population of the County Seat (Livingston)
Census 2020:5,640 
Census 2010:5,335 
Census 2000:5,433 
POPULATION OF PLACES IN POLK COUNTY - 2023 Estimates (Census Bureau)
Note: City and town populations include only those parts of each place found within this county. Use our «Town & City Search» to find the total population of each place.
Corrigan town:1,435More data
Goodrich city:278More data
Livingston town:5,747More data
Onalaska city:3,224More data
Seven Oaks city:73More data
County Size in Square Miles (Census Bureau)
Land Area:1,057.0More data
Water Area:52.6More data
Total Area:1,109.7More data
Population Density Per Square Mile
2020:47.42More data
Urban and Rural Population of the County, 2020 (Census Bureau)
Percent Urban:11.16More data
Percent Rural:88.84More data
Ethnicity - 2023 (Census Bureau)     «Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin»
Percent Hispanic:15.8%More data
Race - 2023 (Census Bureau)
Percent White Alone:85.4%More data
Percent African American Alone:9.3%More data
Percent American Indian and Alaska Native Alone:2.2%More data
Percent Asian Alone:1.0%More data
Percent Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone:0.1%More data
Percent Multi-Racial:1.9%More data
Race and Ethnicity - 2023 (Census Bureau)
Percent Not Hispanic White Alone:71.2%More data
Percent Not Hispanic African American Alone:8.9%More data
Age - 2022 (Census Bureau Estimates)     «Age Groups Chart»
17 and Under:20.2%More data
65 and Older:18.8%More data
85 and Older:0.7%More data
Median Age:43.6More data
Per Capita Income - 2022 (BEA):     «Per Capita Income History Chart»$47,150More data
Total Personal Income - 2022 (BEA):$2,510,949,000More data
Median Household Income - 2022 (Census Bureau):     «Median Household Income History Chart»$58,894More data
Poverty - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Poverty Chart»
Percent of Population in Poverty:18.7%More data
Percent of Population under 18 in Poverty:31.0%More data
Educational Attainment (Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate)     «ACS 5-Year Estimates, S1501, Educational Attainment (open in new window)»
Percent high school graduate and higher, Age 25 and over:81.4% 
Percent bachelor's degree or higher, Age 25 and over:13.2% 
Pay (BLS)     «Pay History Chart»
Average Annual Pay - 2023:$50,245More data
Average Annual Pay - 2022:$48,629 
Average Annual Pay - 2021:$44,980 
Average Annual Pay - 2020:$43,359 
Average Annual Pay - 2019:$41,096 
Annual Unemployment Rate, Not Adjusted (Texas Workforce Commission)     «Unemployment History Chart»
Unemployment Rate - 2023:5.4More data
Unemployment Rate - 2022:5.6 
Unemployment Rate - 2021:7.9 
Unemployment Rate - 2020:8.8 
Unemployment Rate - 2019:4.8 
COUNTY FINANCES (Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts)
Property Taxes - 2022
Total County Tax Rate:     «Detailed Tax Rates»   «Tax Rate History with Chart»$0.610000More data
Total Market Value:     «Values and Levies»   «Levy History with Chart»$7,430,890,789More data
Total Appraised Value Available for County Taxation:$4,478,923,548More data
Total Actual Levy:$27,321,434More data
For property tax information about a specific property, contact the Appraisal District.
Sales Tax Allocation History     «Sales Tax History Chart»
CY 2023:$3,950,525More data
CY 2022:$3,585,854 
CY 2021:$3,193,580 
CY 2020:$2,794,649 
CY 2019:$2,545,174 
Centerline Miles - 2022
IH Highways:0.000More data
US Highways:101.422More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:29.793More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:221.328More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:3.720More data
Frontage Roads:8.605More data
On-System Subtotal:364.868More data
City Streets:116.431More data
Certified County Roads:867.258More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:0.000More data
Off-System Subtotal:983.689More data
Center Line Miles: County Total:1,348.557More data
Lane Miles - 2022
IH Highways:0.000More data
US Highways:323.502More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:75.820More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:442.656More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:7.440More data
Frontage Roads:17.210More data
On-System Subtotal:866.628More data
City Streets:232.862More data
Certified County Roads:1,734.516More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:0.000More data
Off-System Subtotal:1,967.378More data
County Total:2,834.006More data
Miles Travelled on County Roads     «Mileage History with Chart»
County Business Patterns (Census Bureau):     «CBP 2022»
Gross Domestic Product (BEA):     «GDP 2022»
County Agricultural Profile (USDA):     «Census of Agriculture 2017»     «2017 County Profile»
State & County QuickFacts (Census Bureau):     «Polk County QuickFacts»
State & County Narrative Profiles (Census Bureau):     «Narrative Profiles»
County History (Handbook of Texas Online):     «Polk County History»
Texas Almanac (Texas State Historical Association):     «Polk County»

Special Districts in Polk County.
School Districts in Polk County.
History of City Tax Rates in Polk County.

Airports in Polk County.
Hospitals in Polk County.
Prisons in Polk County.