Wheeler County Profile

Compiled by
The County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties

The information contained in this report was obtained from The County Information Program's on-line database. The data contained in the database are obtained from official sources and are not the product of the CIP. The CIP, therefore, does not expressly or impliedly warrant the accuracy of the data. Questions regarding the accuracy, methodology, etc. should be directed to the original source of the information. The sources may be obtained from the CIP by contacting the County Information Program, Texas Association of Counties at (512) 478-8753.

Click the More data link to open a table showing the data item for that row for all 254 Texas counties.

Map of County

POPULATION (Census Bureau)
County Population     «History Chart»   «Population Projection Chart»   «Group Quarters»   «Census 2020 Redistricting Data (county level only)»
Estimate 2023:4,804More data
Estimate 2022:4,787 
Estimate 2021:4,886 
Census 2020: See note at the bottom of the page.4,990More data
Census 2010:5,410More data
Census 2000:5,284More data
Population of the County Seat (Wheeler)
Census 2020:1,487 
Census 2010:1,592 
Census 2000:1,378 
Note: City and town populations include only those parts of each place found within this county. Use our «Town & City Search» to find the total population of each place.
Mobeetie city:84More data
Shamrock city:1,709More data
Wheeler city:1,446More data
County Size in Square Miles (Census Bureau)
Land Area:914.5More data
Water Area:1.0More data
Total Area:915.5More data
Population Density Per Square Mile
2020:5.46More data
Urban and Rural Population of the County, 2020 (Census Bureau)
Percent Urban:0.00More data
Percent Rural:100.00More data
Ethnicity - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin»
Percent Hispanic:25.9%More data
Race - 2022 (Census Bureau)
Percent White Alone:91.6%More data
Percent African American Alone:3.3%More data
Percent American Indian and Alaska Native Alone:2.1%More data
Percent Asian Alone:0.8%More data
Percent Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone:0.0%More data
Percent Multi-Racial:2.2%More data
Race and Ethnicity - 2022 (Census Bureau)
Percent Not Hispanic White Alone:68.0%More data
Percent Not Hispanic African American Alone:2.8%More data
Age - 2022 (Census Bureau Estimates)     «Age Groups Chart»
17 and Under:24.3%More data
65 and Older:21.3%More data
85 and Older:2.4%More data
Median Age:41.2More data
Per Capita Income - 2022 (BEA):     «Per Capita Income History Chart»$47,189More data
Total Personal Income - 2022 (BEA):$226,839,000More data
Median Household Income - 2022 (Census Bureau):     «Median Household Income History Chart»$55,713More data
Poverty - 2022 (Census Bureau)     «Poverty Chart»
Percent of Population in Poverty:15.3%More data
Percent of Population under 18 in Poverty:21.8%More data
Educational Attainment (Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate)     «ACS 5-Year Estimates, S1501, Educational Attainment»
Percent high school graduate and higher, Age 25 and over:85.8% 
Percent bachelor's degree or higher, Age 25 and over:17.3% 
Pay (BLS)     «Pay History Chart»     Data for 2023 is preliminary.
Average Annual Pay - 2023:$44,074More data
Average Annual Pay - 2022:$41,783 
Average Annual Pay - 2021:$41,789 
Average Annual Pay - 2020:$46,913 
Average Annual Pay - 2019:$47,217 
Annual Unemployment Rate, Not Adjusted (Texas Workforce Commission)     «Unemployment History Chart»
Unemployment Rate - 2023:3.7More data
Unemployment Rate - 2022:3.9 
Unemployment Rate - 2021:6.2 
Unemployment Rate - 2020:6.1 
Unemployment Rate - 2019:3.0 
COUNTY FINANCES (Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts)
Property Taxes - 2022
Total County Tax Rate:     «Detailed Tax Rates»   «Tax Rate History with Chart»$0.489950More data
Total Market Value:     «Values and Levies»   «Levy History with Chart»$2,391,618,596More data
Total Appraised Value Available for County Taxation:$1,660,053,911More data
Total Actual Levy:$8,131,332More data
For property tax information about a specific property, contact the Appraisal District.
Sales Tax Allocation History
CY 2023:N/AMore data
CY 2022:N/A 
CY 2021:N/A 
CY 2020:N/A 
CY 2019:N/A 
Centerline Miles - 2022
IH Highways:30.551More data
US Highways:31.990More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:36.032More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:141.607More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:0.000More data
Frontage Roads:58.013More data
On-System Subtotal:298.193More data
City Streets:49.305More data
Certified County Roads:580.218More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:0.000More data
Off-System Subtotal:629.523More data
Center Line Miles: County Total:927.716More data
Lane Miles - 2022
IH Highways:122.204More data
US Highways:72.732More data
State Highways, Spurs, Loops, Business Routes:79.090More data
Farm or Ranch to Market Roads and Spurs:283.214More data
Pass, Park and Recreation Roads:0.000More data
Frontage Roads:116.268More data
On-System Subtotal:673.508More data
City Streets:98.610More data
Certified County Roads:1,160.436More data
Toll Road Authority Roads:0.000More data
Federal Roads:0.000More data
Off-System Subtotal:1,259.046More data
County Total:1,932.554More data
Miles Travelled on County Roads     «Mileage History with Chart»
County Business Patterns (Census Bureau):     «CBP 2021»
Gross Domestic Product (BEA):     «GDP 2022»
County Agricultural Profile (USDA):     «Census of Agriculture 2017»     «2017 County Profile»
State & County QuickFacts (Census Bureau):     «Wheeler County QuickFacts»
State & County Narrative Profiles (Census Bureau):     «Narrative Profiles»
County History (Handbook of Texas Online):     «Wheeler County History»
Texas Almanac (Texas State Historical Association):     «Wheeler County»

Special Districts in Wheeler County.
School Districts in Wheeler County.
History of City Tax Rates in Wheeler County.

Airports in Wheeler County.
Hospitals in Wheeler County.
Prisons in Wheeler County.

On Feb. 28, 2024, the U.S. Census Bureau released the final, full set of errata tables for the 2020 Census Count Question Resolution (CQR) program. The CQR gave tribal, state and local governments the opportunity to ask the Census Bureau to review their boundaries or housing counts to identify errors that may have occurred while processing their 2020 Census counts. Upon review, the agency made changes to the total populations of three counties: Martin (from 5,237 to 5,247); Midland (from 169,983 to 169,974); and Reeves (from 14,748 to 14,747). As stated in the Federal Register/Vol. 86, No. 207/Friday, October 29, 2021 (Introduction): No new census information products will be created by the 2020 Census CQR and no revisions will be made to 2020 Census information products, such as the apportionment counts delivered to the President for apportionment or the 2020 Census Public Law 94-171 Redistricting Data Files and Geographic Products. The 2020 Census counts shown above in the table are the original counts from the 2020 Census Public Law 94-171 Redistricting Data Files and do not reflect the changes made due to the CQR program.